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Arrays

Arrays are also known as lists. Arrays may contain a single item or they may contain many items. It's important to know that Arrays behave differently than other data types and typically require you to iterate over them in order to transform data. These iterations are usually done in the form of Loops.
However, Xano can abstract some common data transformation of Arrays by removing the Loops and some additional logic in the form of these Array functions:

Examples

For each of these examples, we will create a variable called array_1 with the value of Array
[
1,
2,
3,
4,
2,
1
]

Add to End of Array

Add an element to the end of an array and return the updated array. This is an easy way to add a new value to the end of an existing array.
Choose the existing array's return variable. Then put the value you wish to add to the end of the array. (This value can of course be dynamic).
The result is the updated array with new value, 9, added to the end of it:

Add to Beginning of Array

Add an element to the beginning of an array and return the updated array. This is an easy way to add a new value to the beginning of an existing array.
Choose the existing array's return variable. Then put the value you wish to add to the beginning of the array. (This value can of course be dynamic).
The result is the updated array with new value, 99, added to the beginning of it:

Remove from End of Array

This function will automatically remove the element from the end of the array and return the update array. If you want to return the removed element, you can add an optional return variable.
Select the variable of the existing array that you wish to remove the last element from.
When returning array_1, the result is the updated array with the element on the end removed.
If the return is array_1.
When returning the return variable, item, the result is the removed element.
If the return is item.

Remove from Beginning of Array

This function will automatically remove the element from the beginning of the array and return the updated array. Add a return variable if you wish to return the removed element.
Select the variable of the existing array that you wish to remove the first element from.
Array_1 will be updated to remove the element from the beginning of the array. Example will return the removed element.
The result is the updated array (array_1) with the element at the beginning removed.
The updated array with the element at the beginning removed (1).
The result of the return variable "example" will be the removed element.

Merge

Merge will merge one array with another existing array.
For this example, we will create a second array on the "value" line of the function. This is where we put the array that we wish to merge into the existing array.
We can create arrays by typing them into the input line or using push filters.
// for this example we are using the following to merge with array_1
[
99,
98,
97
]
Here we are merging [99,98,97] with array_1.
The result is the updated array_1 with the new array merged into it.
The updated array with the two arrays merged together.
Merging is also accessible through filters such as merge and merge_recursive.

Note: The Expression Builder and $this Variable

The following array functions require the use of the Expression Builder. In these functions, the Expression Builder uses "where" statements to choose an element to look for.
The variable $this will be used as a variable substitution in the Expression Builder. $this represents the existing array you are searching through for each element of the array. $this is abstracting the complexity and need to loop through the array in order to transform or manipulate the data.

Find First Element

Find the first matched element.
This function requires the use of the Expression Builder to choose which element to look for.
In this example, we are looking for the first instance of the number 4. If there wasn't a number 4 then this would return as a "null" value.
The expression builder for this example looks like this.
Use $this variable and choose from different operators to determine what you wish to match. You can add additional where statements with and, or, and groups, or or groups.
The result is the first matched element from the array.

Find First Element Index

Finds the index of the first matched element. The index is the position of the element in an array starting at 0 as the first element.
This function requires the use of the Expression Builder to choose which element to look for.
In this example, we are looking for the index of the first instance of the number 3. If there wasn't a number 3 then this would return a -1.
In this example, array_1= [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 2, 1] and the first instance of 3 would have an index of 2
The result:
In this example, array_1= [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 2, 1] and the first instance of 3 would have an index of 2

Has Any Element

Find out if there are any matched elements. This function will return a true or false value based on the result.
This function requires the use of the Expression Builder to choose which element to look for.
In this example, we are checking to see if the array has any values greater than(>) 2. If there is a number > 2 then this would return a true if not, it would return a false.
The result:
In the above example, we are checking if the array has any element that is greater than(>) 2, it returns a true.

Has Every Element

Find out if every element matches. This function will return true or false depending on the result. Each element of the array must match the expression for it to be true.
This function requires the use of the Expression Builder to choose which element to look for.
In this example, we are checking to see if all of the array values are greater than(>) 2. If all of the numbers are > 2 then this would return a true if not, it would return a false.
The result:
In the above example, we are checking if all of the elements are greater than(>) 2, it returns a false

Find All Elements

Find all the matched elements.
This function requires the use of the Expression Builder to choose which element to look for.
In this example, we are looking for elements that are greater than(>) 2. If any numbers are > 2 then this would return those values.
The result:
[3,4] both match the expression $this > 2.
// In the above example, there would be a new array called
// `find` that is created that looks like this
[
3,
4
]

Get Element Count

Get the number of matched elements.
This function requires the use of the Expression Builder to choose which element to look for.
In this example, we are looking for the count of the elements that are = 2. If any numbers are = 2 then this would return the count of those elements.
The result:
In the example above, we are creating a new variable called find and checking how many elements are = 2.
It returns 2 since array_1 has two values of 2.
Last modified 1yr ago